These five species are the 'Big Five', which were initially the five most wanted trophies for hunters, but now are some of the animals most sought after by people on safari in Africa â€“ with cameras and binoculars now, thank goodness!
Of course, just because a reserve does not have the big five does not mean itâ€™s going to give you a lesser safari experience. Some of our favourite reserves donâ€™t have all five species.
However if youâ€™re keen to see these five species here are some helpful hints as to where you might consider.
Elephants are the worldâ€™s largest land mammal and they are classed as â€˜vulnerableâ€™ by the WWF mainly due to habitat loss (and human-wildlife conflict) and poaching for ivory. They are quite widespread throughout south and east Africa. Some notable places include:
Lions are quite readily seen in many African reserves, but if you had to pick one place for sheer numbers it would be the Masai Mara. For something unusual, how about:
Poaching for rhino horn is increasing at an exponential rate, with well over 1000 animals being killed in South Africa alone in 2013. As travellers we can back rhino conservation by visiting reserves which fund rhino projects. Kenya and South Africa are currently two of the best countries for seeing rhinos, though Botswana is making some very strong efforts on rhinos currently too. Some of the best places to see rhinos are:
Leopards can be notoriously hard to find and luck plays a big part in spotting leopards. However there are a few places which increase your chances somewhat, so consider the following reserves:
Our Luangwa & Livingstone Safari in Zambia should get you close to leopards as well as lions, possibly wild dogs and much more.
Buffalos occur in good numbers throughout east and southern Africa, so youâ€™re pretty sure to see some wherever you spend a few days on safari. Try a Taste of Tanzania taking you into the Serengeti where you should see buffalo and other wildlife a-plenty.
Have you heard of the so-called â€œLittle Fiveâ€? These are the Buffalo Weaver, Elephant shrew, Ant- Lion , Leopard Tortoise and Rhinoceros Beetle. It's a great one for a quiz!